Teaching & Learning, Systematics & Phylogenetics, Marine Biology, Algae.
B.Sc. (Honours Marine Biology), University of British Columbia (1973)
Ph.D. University of BC (1978)
Research Fellow, University of Auckland, Leigh Marine Lab (1978-1981)
Research Associate, UBC (1981-1983)
NSERC University Research Fellow, UBC (1983-1988)
Visiting Assistant Professor, Univ. of Washington Friday Harbor Labs, (1988 & 2000 summer sessions)
Sessional Lecturer, UBC (1988-1990)
Lecturer, Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre (1990 summer session)
Lecturer, UBC (1990-1993)
Senior Instructor, UBC (1993-2015)
I have broad natural history interests with a special fondness for marine, mountain, and desert ecosystems. Since 1972 my marine research has focused on the seaweed flora of British Columbia (natural history, systematics, and reproductive biology). Part of this work has involved conducting intertidal and subtidal surveys along many portions of the British Columbia coast as well as in Washington, California, New Zealand and Australia. I spent three years working for the University of Auckland's Leigh Marine Laboratory.
As a biologist I am especially concerned with loss of organismal diversity, and with ecosystem services. I have therefore taken an active role in conservation issues, especially the status of marine protected areas in British Columbia.
I have a general interest in natural history and broad background in organismal diversity; as a result my departmental teaching has focused on introductory and organismal courses. I am especially concerned that students gain an appreciation for organisms in the context of their environments and to this end attempt to give them field experience wherever possible.
My marine research interests are in the following areas: 1. The natural history, biogeography, and systematics of Pacific Northwest & New Zealand seaweed floras; 2. Reproductive biology of red algae, and 3. The role of marine protected areas (MPA's) in coastal zone conservation strategies.
At the drier-plant end of the spectrum, I have a keen interest in the biology and horticulture of succulent plants (especially those on C.I.T.E.S. Appendix I & II).
Hawkes, M.W. 2005. In search of cacti and seaweeds on desert shores: E. Yale Dawson (1918-1966), Botanist. Haseltonia (Scientific Yearbook of the Cactus & Succulent Society of America) 11: 126-137. [PDF]
Hawkes, M.W. collaborated on the seaweed section of: Lamb, A. & B. Hanby 2005. Marine Life of the Pacific Northwest. Harbour Publishing: Madeira Park, B.C. [Title Page]
Shepherd, S.A. & M.W. Hawkes. 2005. Algal food preferences and seasonal foraging strategy of the marine iguana, Amblyrhynchus cristatus, on Santa Cruz, Galápagos. Bulletin of Marine Science 77: 51-72. [PDF]
Hawkes, M.W. 2003. Cactaceae contributions for: Pereskioideae, Pereskia, Hylocereus, Selenicereus, and Epiphyllum, In: Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 4. Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 1. Oxford Univ. Press: New York, Oxford.
Gabrielson, P.G., T.B. Widdowson, S.C. Lindstrom, M.W. Hawkes, & R.F. Scagel. 2000. Keys to the benthic marine algae and seagrasses of British Columbia, southeast Alaska, Washington and Oregon. Phycological Contribution No. 5, Dept. of Botany, Univ. of B.C.: Vancouver. [Order]
Nelson, W.A., G.A. Knight, & M.W. Hawkes. 1998. Porphyra lilliputiana sp. nov. (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) - a diminutive New Zealand endemic with novel reproductive biology. Phycological Research 46: 57-61.
Hawkes, M.W. 1994. Conserving Marine Ecosystems: Are British Columbia's Marine Protected Areas Adequate? Chap. 28 In: Biodiversity in British Columbia: Our Changing Environment, edited by E. McCullum & L. Harding. Environment Canada: Vancouver.
Scagel, R.F., P.W. Gabrielson, D.J. Garbary, L. Golden, M.W. Hawkes, S.C. Lindstrom, J.C. Oliveira & T.B. Widdowson. 1993. A Synopsis of the Benthic Marine Algae of British Columbia, Southeast Alaska, Washington and Oregon. Phycological Contribution no. 3: vi + 535 pp. Dept. of Botany, University of British Columbia: Vancouver.