Roy Turkington

Professor Emeritus

Academic History

  • B.Sc. (1972) Ulster, Coleraine; 
  • Ph.D. (1975) Univ Col lege N. Wales, Bangor
  • Post doc, University of Western Ontario, London, ON.
  • Visiting Professor, Univ College N. Wales 1985-86
  • Visiting Professor, Hebrew University Jerusalem, Israel 1992-1993
  • Visiting Professor , Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey 1999-2000.
  • Visiting Professor, N. Ireland Plant Breeding Station, N. Ireland 2000.
  • Visiting Professor, Kunming Inst. Botany, Kunming, China 2006-2007.
  • Visiting Professor, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Vegetal, Cordoba, Argentina 2013-2014

Selected Publications

Note that PDFs of most papers are available on Research Gate

  1. KOMATSU, Kimberly, Kimberly J. La PIERRE, Meghan L. AVOLIO, Nathan P. LEMOINE, Forest ISBELL, Emily  GRMAN, Gregory R. HOUSEMAN, Sally E. KOERNER, David S. JOHNSON, Kevin R. WILCOX,  Juha M. ALATALO, John P. ANDERSON, Rein AERTS, Sara G. BAER, Andrew H. BALDWIN,  Jonathan BATES, Carl BEIERKUHNLEIN, R. Travis BELOTE, John BLAIR, Juliette M.G. BLOOR,  Patrick J. BOHLEN, Edward W. BORK, Elizabeth H. BOUGHTON, William D. BOWMAN, Andrea  J. BRITTON, James F. CAHILL, Jr., Enrique CHANETON, Nona CHIARIELLO, Jimin CHENG, Scott  L. COLLINS, J. Hans C. CORNELISSEN, Guozhen DU, Anu ESKELINEN, Jennifer FIRN, Bryan  FOSTER, Laura GOUGH, Katherine GROSS, Lauren HALLETT, Xingguo HAN, Harry HARMENS,  Mark J. HOVENDEN, Anke JENTSCH, Christel KERN, Kari KLANDERUD, Alan K. KNAPP,  Juergen KREYLING, Wei LI, Yiqi LUO, Rebecca L. McCULLEY, Jennie R. McLAREN, J.  Patrick MEGONIGAL, Ulf MOLAU, John MORGAN, Volodya ONIPCHENKO, Steven C. PENNINGS,  Janet S. PREVÉY, Jodi PRICE, Peter REICH, Clare H. ROBINSON, F. Leland RUSSELL, Osvaldo E.  SALA, Eric SEABLOOM, Melinda D. SMITH, Nadia A. SOUDZILOVSKAIA, Lara SOUZA, Katherine  SUDING, K. Blake SUTTLE, Tony SVEJCA, David TILMAN, Pedro TOGNETTI, Roy TURKINGTON,  Shannon R. WHITE, Zhuwen XU, Laura YAHDJIAN, Qiang YU, Pengfei ZHANG, Yunhai  ZHANG2019. Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA; first published August 19, 2019.
  2. XIA, K., TURKINGTON,R., TAN, H-Y & L. FAN. 2018. Factors limiting the recruitment of Quercus schottkyana, a dominant evergreen oak in SW China. Plant Diversity 40:277-283.
  3. HARROWER, W., SRIVASTAVA, D., McCALLUM, C., FRASER, L. & R. TURKINGTON. 2017. Temperate grassland songbird species accumulate incrementally along a gradient of primary productivity. PLoS1
  4. SINCLAIR A. R.E., PECH, R., FRYXELL, J.M., MCCANN, K., BYROM, A., SAVORY, C.J., BRASHARES, J., ARTHUR, A.D., CATLING, P.C., TRISKA, M.D., CRAIG, M.D., SINCLAIR, T.J.E., McLAREN, J.R., TURKINGTON, R., BEYERS, R. & W. HARROWER. 2017. Predicting and assessing progress in the restoration of ecosystems. Conservation Letters. June 2017; DOI: 10.1111/conl.12390
  5. XIA, K., HARROWER, W.L., TURKINGTON, R., TAN, H-Y & Z-N ZHOU. 2016. Pre-dispersal strategies by Quercus schottkyana to mitigate the effects of weevil infestation of acorns. Scentific Reports  6: 37520; doi: 10.1038/srep37520
  6. McLAREN, J.R., NOVOPLANSKY, A. & R. TURKINGTON. 2016. Few effects of plant functional group identity on ecosystem properties in an annual desert ecosystem. Plant Ecology 217:1379-1393. DOI 10.1007/s11258-016-0660-3
  7. XIA, K., HONGYU, T., TURKINGTON, R., HUJ-J. & Z-K ZHOU.2016Desiccation and post-dispersal predation of acorns limit germination and recruitment of Quercus schottkyana, a dominant evergreen oak in SW China. Plant Ecology 217:1369-1378.
  8. HU, J-J.,LUOC-C., TURKINGTON, R.& Z-K ZHOU. 2016. Effects of herbivores and litter on Lithocarpus hancei seed germination and seedling survival in the understorey of a high diversity forest in SW China. Plant Ecology 217:1429-1440. DOI 10.1007/s11258-016-0610-0
  9. LORTIE, C.J., FILAZZOLA, A., WELHAM, C. & R. TURKINGTON. 2016. A cost-benefit model for plant-plant interactions: a density-series tool to detect facilitation. Plant Ecology 217:1315-1329.   DOI:10.1007/s11258-016-0604-y
  10. LU, J., TURKINGTON, R. & Z-K. ZHOU. 2016. The effects of litter quantity and quality on soil nutrients and litter invertebrates in the understory of two forests in southern China.  Plant Ecology 217:1415-1426.
  11. DeSANDOLI, L., FRASER, L.F. & R. TURKINGTON. 2016. Restoration of pile burn scars in interface forest to prevent establishment and propagation of non-native invasive plants. Canadian Journal Forest Research 46: 1042-1050. DOI: 10.1139/cjfr-2016-0037.
  12. TURKINGTON, R. & W.L. HARROWER. 2016. An experimental approach to addressing ecological questions related to the conservation of plant biodiversity in China.Plant Diversity and Resources 38:2-9.
  13. FRASER,  L.H., HARROWER, W.L., GARRIS, H.W., DAVIDSON, S., HEBERT, P.D.N., HOWIE, R., MOODY, A., POLSTER, D., SCHMITZ, O.J., SINCLAIR, A.R.E., STARZOMSKI, B.M., SULLIVAN, T.P., TURKINGTON, R. & D. WILSON. 2015. A call for applying trophic structure to restoration. (Restoration Ecology) doi: 10.1111/rec.12225
  14. TURKINGTON, R., G. SHARAM & A.R.E. SINCLAIR. 2015. Biodiversity and the Dynamics of Riverine Forests in Serengeti. Pages 235-264, In Sinclair, A.R.E., Metzger, K.L., Mduma, S.A.R. & J.M. Fryxell. Serengeti IV.  Sustaining Biodiversity in a Coupled Human-Natural System. University of Chicago Press, London.
  15. XU, J., DENG, M., JIANG, X-L., WESTWOOD, M., SONG, Y-G. & R. TURKINGTON.  2015. Phylogeography of Quercus glauca (Fagaceae), a dominant tree of East Asian subtropical evergreen forests, based on three chloroplast DNA interspace sequences.  Tree Genetics & Genomes 11: 805. doi:10.1007/s11295-014-0805-2
  16. TURKINGTON, R. 2015. “John L. Harper.” In Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. Ed. David Gibson. New York: Oxford University Press.
  17. HU, J-J., XING, Y-W., TURKINGTON, R, JACQUES, F.M.B., TAO S., HUANG, Y-J., & Z-K. ZHOU. 2015. A new positive relationship between pCO2 and stomatal frequency in Quercus guyavifolia (Fagaceae): a potential proxy for palaeo-CO2 levelsAnnals of Botany; doi: 10.1093/aob/mcv007
  18. TREBERG, M. & R. TURKINGTON. 2014. Species-specific responses to community density in an unproductive perennial plant community. PLoS ONE 9(7): doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102430
  19. TURKINGTON, R., McLAREN, J.R. & M.R.T. DALE. 2014. Herbaceous community structure and function in the Kluane region. Arctic 67: Suppl. 1; 98–107.
  20. KREBS, C.J., BOONSTRA,R. BOUTIN, S., SINCLAIRA.R.E., SMITHJ.N.M., GILBERTS., MARTINK., O’DONOGHUE & R. TURKINGTON. 2014. Trophic dynamics of the boreal forests of the Kluane region. Arctic 67: Suppl. 1; 71–81.
  21. CARLYLE, C.N., FRASER, L.H. & R. TURKINGTON. 2014. Response of grassland biomass production to simulated climate change and clipping along an elevation gradient. Oecologia 174:1065-1073.
  22. McLAREN, J.R. & R. TURKINGTON. 2013. Boreal forest ecosystems. In S.A. Levin, ed. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity 2nd Edition. 1:626-635.Waltham, MA: Academic Press.
  23. CSERGŐA.M., DEMETER, L. & R. TURKINGTON. 2013. Declining diversity in abandoned grasslands of the Carpathian Mountains: do dominant species matter?PLOS ONE 8(8): e73533. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073533;
  24. GRAINGER, T.N. & R. TURKINGTON. 2013. Long-term nutrient enrichment differentially affects investment in sexual reproduction in four boreal forest understory species. Plant Ecology 214:1017-1026.
  25. GRAINGER, T.N. & R. TURKINGTON. 2013. Mechanisms for success after long-term nutrient enrichment in a boreal forest understory. PLOS ONE 8(4): e61229. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone0061229.
  26. MacDOUGALL, A.S., McCANN, K., GELLNER, G. & R. TURKINGTON. 2013. Diversity loss with persistent human disturbance increases the vulnerability to sudden ecosystem collapse. Nature 494:86-90.
  27. FRASER, L.H., HENRY, H.A.L, CARLYLE, C.N., WHITE, S.R., BEIERKUHNLEIN, C., CAHILL JR, J.F., CASPER, B.B., CLELAND, E., COLLINS, S.L., DUKES, J.S., KNAPP, A.K., LIND, E., LONG, R., LUO, Y., REICH, P.B., SMITH, M.D., STERNBERG, M. & R. TURKINGTON. 2012. Coordinated distributed experiments: an emerging tool for testing global hypotheses in ecology and environmental science. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2012; doi: 10.1890/110279 (published on-line)
  28. RAJANIEMI, T.K., GOLDBERG, D.E., TURKINGTON, R. & A.R. DYER. 2012. Local filters limit species diversity, but species pools determine composition. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 14:373-380.
  29. GRAINGER, T. & R. TURKINGTON. 2012. Germinability of Epilobium angustifolium seeds from plants treated annually with fertilizer for twenty-two years. Davidsonia 22:2-8
  30. SONG,Y., TURKINGTON, R. & D. ZHOU. 2012. Soil fissures help in the restoration of vegetation on secondary bare alkali-saline soil patches on the Songnen Plain, China. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 67:24-25.
  31. KARST, J., HOEKSEMAJ.D., JONES, M.D. & R. TURKINGTON. 2011.  Parsing the roles of abiotic and biotic factors in Douglas-fir seedling growth. Pedobiologia 54: 273– 280.
  32. McLAREN, J.R. & R. TURKINGTON. 2011.  Plant identity  influences decomposition through more than one mechanism. PLOS One 6(8): e23702. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023702
  33. FREMLIN, K.M., McLAREN, J.R., DeSANDOLI, L. & R. TURKINGTON. 2011. Theeffects of fertilization and herbivory on the phenology of the understory vegetation of the boreal forest in north-western Canada. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 43:389-396.
  34. McLAREN, J.R. & R. TURKINGTON. 2011.  Biomass compensation and plant responses to 7-years of plant functional group removals. Journal of  Vegetation Science 22:503–515.
  35. CARLYLE, C.N., FRASER, L.H. & R. TURKINGTON. 2011. Tracking soil temperature and moisture in a multi-factor climate experiment in temperate grassland: do climate manipulation methods produce their intended effects?  Ecosystems 14:489-502.
  36. MARSHALL, C,B., McLAREN, J.R. & R. TURKINGTON. 2011. Soil microbial communities resistant to changes in plant functional group composition. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43:78-85.
  37. 3, 4 CARLYLE, C.N., FRASER, L.H. & R. TURKINGTON. 2010. Using three pairs of competitive indices to test for changes in plant competition along a resource and disturbance gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 21:1025-1034.
  38. McLAREN, J.R. & R. TURKINGTON. 2010.  Plant functional group identity differentially affects leaf and root decomposition.  Global Change Biology 16:3075-3084.
  39. TREBERG, M. & R. TURKINGTON.  2010. Density dependence in an experimental boreal forest understory community. Botany 88:753-764.
  40. TREBERGM.A. & R. TURKINGTON. 2010.  Facilitation in an unproductive boreal forest understory community.  Journal of Vegetation Science 21:761-771.
  41. McLAREN, J.R. & R. TURKINGTON. 2010. Ecosystem properties determined by plant functional group identity. Journal of Ecology 98:459-469.
  42. ZHANG, L., TURKINGTON, R. & Y. TANG.  2010. Flowering and fruiting phenology of 24 plant species on the north slope of Mt. Qomolangma (Mt. Everest). Journal of Mountain Science 7:45-54.
  43. TREBERG, M.A., EDWARDS, K. & R. TURKINGTON. 2010. Voles are attracted to fertilizer in field experiments.  Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 43:113-116.
  44. GILBERT, B., TURKINGTON, R. &  D. S. SRIVASTAVA.  2009. Dominant species and diversity: linking relative abundance to controls of species establishment. American  Naturalist 174:850-862.
  45. TURKINGTON, R.  2009. Top-down and bottom-up forces in mammalian herbivore – vegetation systems: an essay review.  Botany  87:723-739.
  46. RAJANIEMI, T.K., TURKINGTON, R., & D. GOLDBERG. 2009. Community-level consequences of species interactions in an annual plant community. Journal of Vegetation Science 20:836-846
  47. SHARAM, G.J., SINCLAIR, A.R.E. & R. TURKINGTON. 2009. Serengeti birds maintain forests by inhibiting seed predators.  Science 325 (5936) 51.
  48. SHARAM, G. & R. TURKINGTON. 2009. Secondary defense responses of white spruce (Picea glauca) to changes in herbivory and soil nutrient levels. Ecoscience 16:258-264.
  49. FRASER, L.H., GREENALL, A., CARLYLE, C., TURKINGTON, R. & C.R. FRIEDMAN. 2009. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity of Pseudoroegneria spicata: response of stomatal density, leaf area and biomass to changes in water supply and increased temperature.  Annals of Botany 103:769-775.
  50. KARST, J., JONES, M.D. & R. TURKINGTON. 2009. Ectomycorrhizal colonization and intraspecific variation in growth responses of lodgepole pine.  Plant Ecology 200:161-165.
  51. SHARAM, G.,  SINCLAIR, A.R.E. &  TURKINGTON, R. & A.L. JACOB.  2009. The savanna tree Acacia polyacantha facilitates the establishment of riparian forests in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania.  Journal of Tropical Ecology  25:31-40.
  52. NASERI, K., HESHMATI, G., MAHINI, A.S. & R. TURKINGTON. 2008. Determination of state and transition and threshold model of semi-arid grasslands using rangeland health indicators: Case study – Tandoureh area, north Khorasan. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources 15:26-42.
  53. TREBERG, M.A. & R. TURKINGTON. 2008. How to grow, propagate and kill some of the native plants in the Kluane region, southwestern Yukon. Davidsonia 19:42-53.
  54. SECCOMBE-HETT, P. & R. TURKINGTON. 2008. Summer diet selection of snowshoe hares: a test of nutritional hypotheses. Oikos 117:1874-1884.
  55. LORTIE, C.J. & R. TURKINGTON.  2008. Species-specific positive effects in an annual plant community. Oikos 117:1511-1521.
  56. KARST, J., MARCZAK, L., JONES, M.D. & R. TURKINGTON. 2008. The mutualism-parasitism continuum in ectomycorrhizas: a quantitative assessment using meta-analysis. Ecology 89:1032-1042.
  57. MacDOUGALL, A.S. & R. TURKINGTON. 2007. Does the type of disturbance matter for restoring disturbance-dependent savanna ecosystems? Restoration Ecology 15:263–272.
  58. MDUMA, S.A.R, SINCLAIR, A.R.E. & R. TURKINGTON. 2007.  What is the role of seasonality and synchrony in reproduction of savanna trees in Serengeti? Journal of Ecology 95:184-196.
  59. SHARAM, G.,  SINCLAIR, A.R.E. &  R. TURKINGTON.  2006. Establishment of broad-leaved thickets in Serengeti, Tanzania: the influence of fire, browsers, grass competition and elephants. Biotropica 78:599-605.
  60. MacDOUGALL, A.S. & R. TURKINGTON. 2006. Dispersal, competition, and shifting patterns of diversity in an degraded oak savanna.  Ecology 87:1831-1843.
  61. RAJANIEMI, T.K., GOLDBERG, D.E.,  TURKINGTON, R., & A.R. DYER, A.  2006. Quantitative partitioning of regional and local processes shaping regional diversity patterns.  Ecology Letters 9:121-128.
  62. MacDOUGALL, A.S, BOUCHER, J, TURKINGTON, R. & G.E. BRADFIELD. 2006. Community-level patterns of plant invasion across a broad-scale stress gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 17:47-56.
  63. SHARAM, G. & R. TURKINGTON.  2005. Diurnal cycle of spartein production in Lupinus arcticusCanadian Journal of Botany 83:1345-1348.
  64. MAZE, J. & R. TURKINGTON.  2005. A study on the effect of time in plants: within-group variation in morphological integration in clover (Trifolium repens L.) In different aged pastures.  SEED (Semiotics, Energy, Evolution, Development) 5:66-75.
  65. LORTIE, C.J., E. ELLIS, A. NOVOPLANSKY, & R. TURKINGTON. 2005.  Implications of seed spatial pattern and local seed density on community-level interactions.  Oikos 109:495-502.
  66. TURKINGTON, R., GOLDBERG, D.E., OLSVIG-WHITTAKER, L. & A. R. DYER. 2005. Effects of density on timing of germination and its consequences for survival and growth in two communities of annual plants.  Journal of Arid Environments 61:377-396.
  67. SHILO-VOLIN, H., NOVOPLANSKY, A, GOLDBERG D.E., & R. TURKINGTON. 2005. Density regulation in annual plant communities under different resource levels. Oikos 108:241-252.
  68. 5,6 MacDOUGALL, A.S. & R. TURKINGTON. 2005. Are invasive species the drivers or passengers of ecological change in highly disturbed plant communities? Ecology  86:42-55.
  69. TURKINGTON, R. 2004.  Some causes and consequences of the loss of biodiversity: ten years of plant ecological research in Yukon.  Davidsonia 15:47-69.
  70. MacDOUGALL, A.S., & R. TURKINGTON.  2004. Relative importance of uptake-based and tolerance-based competition in an invaded oak grassland.  Journal of Ecology 92:422-434.
  71. ARII, K. & R. TURKINGTON.  2002.  Do nutrient  availability and competition limit plant growth of  herbaceous species in the boreal forest understory? Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 34:251-261.
  72. LORTIE, C.J. & R. TURKINGTON. 2002. The small-scale spatio-temporal pattern of a seed bank in the Negev Desert, Israel.  Ecoscience 9:407-413.
  73. LORTIE, C.J., & R. TURKINGTON. 2002. The facilitative effects by seeds and seedlings on emergence from the seed bank of a desert annual plant community.  Ecoscience 9: 106-111.
  74. LORTIE, C.J., & R. TURKINGTON. 2002. The effect of initial seed density on the structure of a desert annual plant community.  Journal of Ecology 90:435-445.
  75. TURKINGTON, R., JOHN, E., WATSON, S. & P. SECCOMBE-HETT. 2002. The effects of fertilization and herbivory on the herbaceous vegetation of the boreal forest in northwestern Canada: a ten-year study.  Journal of Ecology 90:325-227.
  76. WELHAM, C.V.J., TURKINGTON, R. & C. SAYRE. 2002.  Morphological development of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) in response to spatial and temporal resource heterogeneity.  Oecologia 130:231-238.
  77. ARII, K. & R. TURKINGTON.  2001. Assessing competition intensity along nutrient gradients using a simple model.  Canadian Journal of Botany 79:1486-1491.
  78. GOLDBERG, D.E., TURKINGTON, R, OLSVIG-WHITTAKER, L. & A.R. DYER. 2001.  Density-dependence in an annual plant community:  variation among life history stages.   Ecological Monographs 71:423-446.
  79. FRID, L. & R. TURKINGTON. 2001. The influence of herbivores and neighbouring plants on risk of browsing: a case study using arctic lupine (Lupinus arcticus) and arctic ground squirrels (Spermophilus parryii plesius). Canadian Journal of Zoology 79:874-800
  80. DYER, A.R., GOLDBERG, D.E., TURKINGTON, R. & C. SAYRE.  2001. Effects of growing conditions and source habitat on plant traits and functional group definition.  Functional Ecology 15:85-95.
  81. TURKINGTON, R., JOHN, E. & M. DALE.  2001. Plant dynamics in the boreal ecosystem: Herbs and grasses.  Pages 69-91, In: Krebs, C.J., Boutin, S., & Boonstra, R.  Ecosystem dynamics of the Boreal Forest: the Kluane Project.  Oxford University Press, New York.
  82. SINCLAIR, A.R.E., KREBS, C.J., BOONSTRA, R., BOUTIN, S., & R. TURKINGTON. 2001. Community and ecosystem organization.  Pages 407-436. In: Krebs, C.J., Boutin, S., & Boonstra, R.  Ecosystem dynamics of the Boreal Forest: the Kluane Project.  Oxford University Press, New York.
  83. TURKINGTON, R.  2001. Boreal Forest Ecosystems.  Pages 521-532, In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Volume 1.  Levin, S. (ed.). Academic Press, San Diego.
  84. DLOTT, F. & R. TURKINGTON.  2000. Regulation of boreal forest understory vegetation: the roles of herbivores and resources.  Plant Ecology 151:239-251.
  85. MARCUVITZ, S. & R. TURKINGTON.  2000. Differential effects of light quality, provided by different grass neighbours, on the growth and morphology of Trifolium repens L. (white clover).  Oecologia 125:293-300.
  86. HICKS, S. & R. TURKINGTON. 2000. Compensatory growth of three herbaceous perennial species: the effects of clipping and nutrient availability.  Canadian Journal of Botany 78:759-767.
  87. GRAHAM, S.A. & R. TURKINGTON.  2000. Population dynamics response of Lupinus arcticus to fertilization, neighbour removal and clipping in the understory of the boreal forest.  Canadian Journal of Botany 78:753-758.
  88. SINCLAIR, A.R.E., KREBS, C.J., FRYXELL, J.M., TURKINGTON, R., BOUTIN, S., BOONSTRA, R., LUNDBERG, P., & L. OKSANEN.  2000. Testing hypotheses of trophic level interactions using experimental perturbations of a boreal forest ecosystem.  Oikos 89:313-328.
  89. TURKINGTON, R., JOHN, E., KREBS, C.J., DALE, M., NAMS, V.O., BOONSTRA, R., BOUTIN, S., MARTIN, K., SINCLAIR, A.R.E. & J.N.M. SMITH.  1998.  The effects of NPK fertilization for nine years on the vegetation of the boreal forest in northwestern Canada.  Journal of Vegetation Science, 9:333-346.
  90. HUTCHINGS, M.J., TURKINGTON, R., CAREY, P. & E. KLEIN.  1997.  Morphological plasticity in Trifolium repens: the effects of clone genotype, soil nutrient level and the genotype of conspecific neighbours.  Canadian Journal of Botany 75:1382-1393 (note).
  91. JOHN, E. & R. TURKINGTON.  1997.  A five-year study of the effects of nutrient availability and herbivory on two boreal forest herbs.  Journal of Ecology  85:419-430.
  92. TURKINGTON, R.  1996.  Intergenotypic interactions in plant mixtures.  Euphytica 92:105-119.  Keynote address, Eucarpia Cong., Finland.
  93. TURKINGTON, R., & P. JOLLIFFE.  1996.  Interference in Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne in mixtures: short‑term and long‑term relationships.  Journal of Ecology 84:563-571.
  94. MAZE, J. & R. TURKINGTON.  1996.  The influence of pasture age, plant density, and genotype on intraspecific diversity of Trifolium repens (white clover).  Canadian Journal of Botany 74:1189-1192.
  95. MEHRHOFF, L.A. & R. TURKINGTON.  1996.  Growth and survival of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) transplanted into patches of different grass species.  Canadian Journal of Botany 74:1243-1247.
  96. QI, M.Q., UPADHYAYA, M.K. & R. TURKINGTON.  1996.  Dynamics of seed bank and survivorship of meadow salsify (Tragopogon pratensis )populations   Weed Science 44:100-108.
  97. QI, M.Q., UPADHYAYA, M.K. & R. TURKINGTON.  1996.  Reproductive behavior of natural populations of meadow salsify (Tragopogon pratensis). Weed Science 44:68-73.
  98. MEHRHOFF, L.A. & R. TURKINGTON.  1995.  Resource use and coexistence:  experimental tests from a sequence of different‑aged pastures.  Evolutionary Ecology 9:617-632.
  99. JOHN, E. & R. TURKINGTON. 1995.  Herbaceous vegetation in the understorey of the boreal forest: does nutrient supply or snowshoe hare herbivory regulate species composition and abundance?  Journal of Ecology 83:581-590.
  100. HUTCHINGS, M.J. & R. TURKINGTON.  1995.  Plasticity of branching patterns in the clonal herbs Trifolium repens L. and Glechoma hederacea L..  Pages 173-186, In, Experimental and molecular approaches to plant biosystematics.  Hoch, P.C., & Stephenson, A.G. (eds).  Proc. I.O.B.P. Symp., Monographs in Systematic Botany, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO.
  101. FRASER, L., CHANWAY, C.P. & R. TURKINGTON.  1995. The competitive role of Gaultheria shallon on planted western hemlock and western red cedar saplings on northern Vancouver Island.  Forest Ecology and Management 75:27-39
  102. GOLDBERG, D.E., TURKINGTON, R. & L. OLSVIG-WHITTAKER.  1995.  Quantifying the community-level effects of competition.  Folio Geobot. Phytotax. 30:231-242.
  103. KREBS, C.J., BOUTIN, S., BOONSTRA, R., SINCLAIR, A.R.E., SMITH, J.N.M., DALE, M.R.T., MARTIN, K., R. TURKINGTON.  1995. Impact of food and predation on the snowshoe hare cycle.  Science. 269:1112-1115.
  104. BOUTIN, S., KREBS, C.J. (and 20 others).  1995. Population changes of the vertebrate community during a snowshoe hare cycle in Canada’s boreal forest.  Oikos 74:69-80.
  105. TURKINGTON, R., KLEIN, E. & J. MAZE.  1994  Conditioning effects by neighbours on the growth and form of Trifolium repens L.  Canadian Journal of Botany 72:783-787.
  106. READER, R.J., WILSON, S.D., BELCHER, J.W., TURKINGTON, R. (and 16 others).  1994.  Plant competition in relation to neighbor biomass:  an intercontinental study with Poa pratensis.  Ecology 75:1753-1760.
  107. TURKINGTON, R.  1994.  Effect of propagule source on competitive ability of pasture grasses; spatial dynamics of six grasses in simulated swards.  Canadian Journal of Botany 72:111-121.
  108. FRASER, L., TURKINGTON, R. & C.P. CHANWAY. 1993.  The Biology of Canadian Weeds. 102. Gaultheria shallon.  Canadian Journal of Plant Science 73:1233-1247.
  109. TURKINGTON, R., & E. KLEIN. 1993.  The influence of neighbors on node production, stolon growth and branching of Trifolium repens L. transplants in a pasture.  Canadian Journal of Botany 71:1266-1269.
  110. TURKINGTON, R., KLEIN, E. & C.P. CHANWAY. 1993.  Interactive effects of nutrients and disturbance: an experimental test of plant strategy theory.  Ecology 74: 863-878.
  111. KREBS, C.J., BOONSTRA, R., BOUTIN, S., DALE, M., HANNON, S., MARTIN, K., SINCLAIR, A.R.E., SMITH, J.N.M., & R. TURKINGTON. 1992.  What drives the snowshoe hare cycle in Canada’s Yukon?  Pages 886-896, In, McCullough, D.R. & Barrett, R.E., (eds.).  Wildlife 2001: Populations.  Elsevier, London.
  112. TURKINGTON, R. l991.  Rapid change in a patchy environment ‑ The ‘world’ from a plant’s‑eye‑view.  Pages 194‑200.  In, Evolution in a rapidly changing environment:  Global Warming (ed. R. Buddemeir).  Proc. ICSEB 90.
  113. TURKINGTON, R., SACKVILLE HAMILTON, R. & C. GLIDDON. l991.  Within‑population variation in localized and integrated responses of Trifolium repens to biotically patchy environments.  Oecologia 86:l83‑l92.
  114. TURKINGTON, R. & E. KLEIN. l991.  Integration among ramets of Trifolium repens.  Canadian Journal of Botany 69:226‑228.
  115. CHANWAY, C.P., TURKINGTON, R. & F.B. HOLL. l991.  Ecological implications of specificity between plants and rhizosphere micro‑organisms.  Advances in Ecological Research  21: 121‑169.
  116. TURKINGTON, R. & E. KLEIN. 1991.  Competitive outcome among four pasture species in sterilized and unsterilized soils.  Soil Chemistry and Biochemistry 23: 837‑843.
  117. TURKINGTON, R. & L.A. MEHRHOFF. l990.  The role of competition in structuring pasture communities.  Pages 307‑340, In, Grace, J.B. & Tilman, D., (eds.).  Perspectives on Plant Competition.  Academic Press, New York.
  118. MEHRHOFF, L.A. & R. TURKINGTON. l990.  Microevolution and site‑specific outcomes of competition among pasture plants.  Journal of Ecology 78:745‑756.
  119. CHANWAY, C.P., HOLL, F.B. & R. TURKINGTON. l990.  Specificity of association between Bacillus isolates and genotypes of Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens L.  from a grass‑legume pasture.  Canadian Journal of Botany 68: ll26‑ll30.
  120. PARISH, R. & R. TURKINGTON. l990.  The influence of dung pats and molehills on pasture composition.  Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 1698‑1705.
  121. PARISH, R. & R. TURKINGTON. l990.  The colonization of dung pats and molehills in permanent pastures.  Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 1706‑1711.
  122. THOMPSON, J.D.,  TURKINGTON, R. & F.B. HOLL. l990.  The influence of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii on the growth and neighbour relationships of Trifolium repens and three grasses.  Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 296‑303.
  123. PARISH, R., TURKINGTON, R. & E. KLEIN. l990.  The influence of mowing, fertilization and plant removal on the botanical composition of an artificial sward.  Canadian Journal of Botany 68: l080‑l085.
  124. TURKINGTON, R. l990.  The influence of grass root systems on growth and form of Trifolium repens.  Canadian Journal of Botany  68: l034‑l038.
  125. RATCLIFFE, M.J. & R. TURKINGTON. l989.  Comparative phenology of some alpine vascular plant species on Lakeview mountain, southern British Columbia.  Canadian Field Naturalist  l03: 348‑352.
  126. CHANWAY, C.P., F.B. HOLL & R. TURKINGTON. l989.  Effect of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii genotype on specificity between Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne.  Journal of Ecology 77: ll50‑ll60.
  127. TURKINGTON, R. 1989.  The growth, distribution and neighbour relationships of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture.  V.  The coevolution of competitors.  Journal of Ecology 77: 717‑733.
  128. TURKINGTON, R. 1989.  The growth, distribution and neighbour relationship of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture.  VI.  Conditioning effects by neighbours.  Journal of Ecology 77: 734‑746.
  129. SHIVJI, A. & R. TURKINGTON. l989.  The influence of Rhizobium trifolii on growth characteristics of Trifolium repens:  integration of local environments by intact clones of T. repens.  Canadian Journal of Botany 67: l080‑l084.
  130. TURKINGTON, R., HOLL, F.B., THOMPSON, J. & C.P. CHANWAY.  1988.  The influence of microorganisms, particularly Rhizobium, on plant competition in grass‑legume communities. In “Plant Population Ecology”, pp. 343‑366.  British Ecological Soc.  Symposium, Sussex.
  131. HOLL, F.B., CHANWAY, C.P., TURKINGTON, R. & R.A. RADLEY. 1988.  Response of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatus L.), perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and white clover (Trifolium repens L.) to inoculation with Bacillus polymyxa.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry  20: 19‑24.
  132. EVANS, R. & R. TURKINGTON.  1988.  Maintenance of morphological variation in a biotically patchy environment.  New Phytologist  109: 369‑376.
  133. THOMPSON, J. & R. TURKINGTON.  1988.  The Biology of Canadian Weeds. 82. Holcus lanatus.  Canadian Journal of Plant Science 68: 131‑147.
  134. CHANWAY, C.P., HOLL, F.B. & R. TURKINGTON.  1988.  Genotypic coadaptation in plant growth promotion of forage species by Bacillus polymyxa.  Plant and Soil 106:  281‑284.
  135. RATCLIFFE, M.J. & R. TURKINGTON.  1987.  Vegetation patterns and environment of some Alpine plant communities on Lakeview Mt., Southern British Columbia.  Canadian Journal of Botany 65: 2507‑2516.
  136. AARSSEN, L.A. & R. TURKINGTON. 1987.  Responses to defoliation in Holcus lanatus L., Lolium perenne L. and Trifolium repens L. from three different‑aged pastures.  Canadian Journal of Botany 65: 1364‑1370.
  137. JONES, D.A. & R. TURKINGTON. 1986.  Biological Flora of the British Isles: Lotus corniculatus.  Journal of Ecology 74: 1185‑1212.
  138. UPADHYAYA, M. TURKINGTON, R. & D. McILVRIDE.  1986.  The Biology of Canadian Weeds:  75. Bromus tectorum L.  Canadian Journal of Plant Science  66: 689‑709.
  139. AARSSEN, L.W. & R. TURKINGTON. 1985.  Vegetation dynamics and neighbour associations in pasture‑community evolution.  Journal of Ecology 73: 585‑603.
  140. AARSSEN, L.W. & R. TURKINGTON. 1985.  Biotic specialization between neighbouring genotypes in Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens from a permanent pasture.  Journal of Ecology 73: 605‑614.
  141. AARSSEN, L.W. & R. TURKINGTON, 1985.  Within‑species diversity in natural populations of Holcus lanatusLolium perenne and Trifolium repens from four different‑aged pastures.  Journal of Ecology 73: 869‑886.
  142. TURKINGTON, R. 1985.  Variation and differentiation in populations of Trifolium repens in permanent pastures.  Pages 69-82, in White, J. (ed.), Studies on Plant Demography:  A Festschrift for J.L. Harper.  Academic Press.
  143. AARSSEN, L.W. & R. TURKINGTON. 1985.  Competitive relations among species from pastures of different ages.  Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 2319‑2325.
  144. TURKINGTON, R., HARPER, J.L., AARSSEN, L.W., & P. DeJONG. 1985.  A reanalysis of interspecific association in an old pasture.  Journal of Ecology 73: 123‑131.
  145. TURKINGTON, R. & L.W. AARSSEN. 1984. Local‑scale differentiation as a result of competition.  Pages 107-127, in: Dirzo, R. & Sarukhan, J. (eds.) Perspectives in Plant Population Ecology, Sinauer Assoc.  Cambridge, Mass.
  146. TURKINGTON, R. & L.W. AARSSEN. 1983. Biological Flora of the British Isles:  Hypochoeris radicata.  Journal of Ecology 71: 999‑1022.
  147. TURKINGTON, R. 1983. Plasticity in growth and patterns of dry matter distribution of two genotypes of Trifolium repens L. grown in different environments of neighbours.  Canadian  Journal of Botany 61:2186‑2194.
  148. AARSSEN, L.W. & R. TURKINGTON. 1983. What is community evolution?  Evolutionary Theory 6:211‑217.
  149. DEJONG, P., AARSSEN, L.W. & R. TURKINGTON. 1983. The use of contact sampling in studies of association in vegetation.  Journal of Ecology 71:545‑559.
  150. TURKINGTON, R. 1983. Leaf and flower demography of Trifolium repens L. 1. Growth in mixture with grasses.  New Phytologist 93:599‑616.
  151. TURKINGTON, R. 1983. Leaf and flower demography of Trifolium repens L. 2.  Locally differentiated populations.  New Phytologist 93:617‑633.
  152. TURKINGTON, R. & J.J. BURDON. 1983. The Biology of Canadian Weeds.  57.  Trifolium repens L.  Canadian Journal of Plant Science 63:243‑266.
  153. TURKINGTON, R. & J. MAZE. 1982. Patterns of dry matter distribution in transplanted populations of Trifolium repens and its bearing on ecological interpretations.  Canadian Journal of Botany 60:2014‑2018.
  154. DEJONG, P., AARSSEN, L.W. and R. TURKINGTON. 1980.  The analysis of contact sampling data.  Oecologia. 45:322‑324.
  155. TURKINGTON, R., KENKEL, N.C. & G. FRANKO. 1980.  The Biology of Canadian Weeds.  Stellaria media (L.) Vill.  Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60:981‑992.
  156. TURKINGTON, R. & G. FRANKO. 1980.  The Biology of Canadian Weeds.  Lotus corniculatus L.  Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60:965‑979.
  157. AARSSEN, L.W., TURKINGTON, R. & P.B. CAVERS. 1979.  Neighbour relationships in grass/legume communities. II.  Temporal stability and community evolution.  Canadian Journal of Botany 57: 2695‑2703.
  158. TURKINGTON, R. & P.A. CAVERS. 1979.  Neighbour relationships in grass/legume communities. III.  Development of pattern and association in artificial communities.  Canadian Journal of Botany 57: 2704‑2710.
  159. TURKINGTON, R. 1979.  Neighbour relationships in grass/legume communities. IV.  Fine‑scale biotic differentiation.  Canadian Journal of Botany 57: 2711‑2716.
  160. TURKINGTON, R. & J.L. HARPER. 1979.  The growth, distribution and neighbour relationships of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture. I.  Ordination, pattern and contact.  Journal of Ecology 67: 201‑218.
  161. TURKINGTON, R. & J.L. HARPER. 1979.  The growth distribution and neighbour relationships of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture. II. Inter‑ and intra‑specific contact.  Journal of Ecology 67: 219‑230.
  162. TURKINGTON, R., CAHN, M.A., VARDY, A. & J.L. HARPER. 1979.  The growth, distribution and neighbour relationships of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture.  III. The establishment and growth of Trifolium repens in natural and perturbed sites.  Journal of Ecology 67: 231‑243.
  163. 7 TURKINGTON, R. & J.L. HARPER. 1979.  The growth, distribution and neighbour relationships of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture. IV. Fine‑scale biotic differentiation.  Journal of Ecology 67: 245‑254.
  164. TURKINGTON, R. & P.B. CAVERS. 1979.  The Biology of Canadian Weeds. 33.  Medicago lupulina (L.).  Canadian Journal of Plant Science 59: 99‑110.
  165. TURKINGTON, R., CAVERS, P.B. & E. REMPEL. 1978.  The Biology of Canadian Weeds.  29.  Melilotus alba Desr. and M. officinalis (L.)  Lam. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 58:  523‑537.
  166. TURKINGTON, R. & P.B. CAVERS. 1978.  Reproductive strategies and growth patterns in four legumes.  Canadian Journal of Botany 56: 413‑416.
  167. TURKINGTON, R., CAVERS, P.B. & L.W. AARSSEN. 1977.  Neighbour relationships in grass/legume communities. I. Interspecific contacts in four grassland communities near London, Ontario.  Canadian Journal of Botany 55: 2701‑2711.

1 Selected by the Chinese Academy of Sciences as “one of the 10 most impactful papers during the 12 months, July 2014 – June 2015.”

2 Selected for F1000Prime

3 The 2010 Journal of Vegetation Science Editors’ Award for an outstanding paper

4 J. Stan Rowe award of Canadian Botanical Association for best student paper

5 J. Stan Rowe award of Canadian Botanical Association for best student paper

6 Selected for F1000Prime

7 One of the top 100 most influential papers published by the British Ecological Society (1913-2012)